Understanding Football – A beginner’s guide

Some of the most important rules are as follows:

· Touching the ball with hands when passed to by a teammate (kick, head or throw)

The game lasts for 90 minutes, being split in the middle for a break. The winner of the game is the team the scores the most goals. The football should be made of leather and should be between 410g and 450g in weight. A yellow card; which represents a warning to the player, and a red card; (usually issued after a warning) which sends the player off the game. The player taking the throw must be off the pitch and must keep his feet firmly on the floor. Each team will defend one side of the pitch, while attaching the other. There is often additional playing time at the end of the game called ‘stoppage time’ where minutes wasted during the actual game due to injuries or other unforced events can be replayed.

· Spitting at a player

Each team can use only their legs, feet or head to move the ball across the field and force it into the net. This could be from a foul or from the ball going outside the dimensions of the pitch. If the free kick is inside the penalty area (known as a penalty) all opponents apart from the goal keeper must be outside the area.

· Spitting at an opponent

Free Kicks (and Penalty):

· Being guilty of a serious foul play or violent act

The ball is only declared out of play if the referee stops the game. The ball is kicked from anywhere within the six yard box by any member of the defending team.

When a player kicks the ball of the pitch; the opposition gets to throw the ball back onto the pitch. The football pitch should be between 45m and 90m wide. No player can use their hands to move the ball except the Goalkeeper. This means one team will be down to ten men. During the half time break the players will relax for around fifteen minutes and eat oranges while getting a briefing from their manager before switching sides, and defending / attacking the other side of the pitch for the remainder of the game. Etc.

· Being unsporting, or rude behaviour

· Striking, Holding or Pushing an opponent

The Corner Kick:

· Receiving two Yellow Cards


· Entering or exiting the play without permission

There are many rules that affect the cause of play, if a player breaks the rules he is seen as committing a foul. A foul can result in two cards being shown if the foul is serious enough.

A kick off is taken place from the central line, when a team score a goal, the opposite team gets to kick off from the central line. The kick is taken from the corner of the pitch and opponents must stay 10 yards away until the kick is taken. If they commit these fouls they will give a free kick to the opposition or if it’s in the penalty box a penalty.

Basic Rules:

The football pitch should be between 90m and 120m long. The goalkeeper cannot receive the ball directly with his hands.

The referee may show a red card for:

· Plays Dangerously

An indirect free kick may be awarded if a non active player:

· Prevents a goalkeeper from releasing the ball

· Using your hand on the ball (deliberately)

The corner kick is taken when the ball crosses the goal line, but doesn’t enter the goal and is last touched by a member of the defending team. No additional player can replace this thrown off player.

· Using hands intentionally to stop a goal

· Not standing back enough when opposition is releasing the ball into play

· Tackling an opponent when they don’t have the ball

. Opponents are to be at least 10 yards away. offences) that players can commit. Each game should be made up of two halves of 45minutes.

· Persistently breaking the rules

If the player in question is actually level with the last opponent, however, then they are not in an offside position.

· Kicking, Tripping, Jumping or Charging at an Opponent

· Delaying the restart of play

The referee may show a yellow card for:

A player is classified as Offside when they are in the attacking half of the pitch and nearer the goal line then the last defender from the opposition when receiving the ball

The goal kick is taken when the ball crosses the goal line, but doesn’t enter the goal. Each team has one Goal keeper whose sole purpose is to defend the opposite team from attaching; he can use his hands to defend any ball inside the Penalty area.

The object of the game is for one team, (each consisting of 11 players) to kick the football into the goal on the opposite side of the pitch. The team that kicks off to start the match is decided by a coin toss.

A goal keeper can commit a foul by committing the following offences:

· Controlling the ball with hands for over 6 seconds (including touch and release)

Throw in:

The Goal Kick:

Free kicks are given for certain offences. A direct free kick is allowed to score; an indirect free kick has to touch another player first.

· Obstructs an opponent

The following are some examples of fouls (a.k.a. Each team should have a maximum of 11 players of a field (and a minimum of 7) and there can be a maximum of three substitutions per game

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